Geography

 

Year 1 

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4 

Year 5

Year 6

 

Define, describe, identify, match, order, outline, recognize, relate, recall, reproduce

Classify, convert, defend, discuss, explain, extend, infer, predict, review, summarise

Apply, change, discover, interpret, modify, prepare, produce, show, solve, use

Analyse, breakdown, criticise, differentiate, examine, infer, question, test

Compose, construct, create, develop, devise, explain, plan, prepare, reconstruct, summarize

Appraise, argue, assess, conclude, estimate, evaluate, judge, predict, value

Locational Knowledge

Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

 

 

 

Identify and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.

 

Locate and name the continents on a World Map. 

 

Locate the main countries of Europe inc. Russia.

Identify capital cities of Europe.

 

Locate and distinguish between the countries making up the British Isles, with their capital cities.

 

Identify longest rivers in the world, largest deserts, highest mountains.

Compare with UK.

 

Identify the position and significance of Equator, N. and S. Hemisphere, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

 

On a world map, distinguish areas of similar environmental regions, either desert, rainforest or temperate regions.

 

Locate and name the main counties and cities in/around London, examine and make comparisons.

Identify and locate the main countries in Europe and North or South America. Locate and name principal cities.

 

Compare 2 different regions in UK rural/urban.

 

Locate and name the main counties and cities in England, examine and make comparisons.

 

Relate to History, compare land use maps of UK from past with the present, focusing on land use.

 

Identify the position and significance of latitude/longitude and the Greenwich Meridian. Relate to science, time zones, night and day

On a world map locate the main countries in Africa, Asia and Australasia/Oceania. Evaluate their main environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, and major cities.

 

Relate to local History, map how land use has changed in local area over time.

 

Identify and locate the key topographical features including coast, features of erosion, hills, mountains and rivers. Conclude how these features have changed over time.

 

Place Knowledge

Outline geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

Classify geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country concentrating on islands and sea sides

Compare a region of the UK with a region in Europe, e.g. local hilly area with a flat one or under sea level. 

Examine geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and/or a region within North or South America.

Compare and contrast a region in UK with a region in another country/continent with significant differences and similarities. 

Compare and contrast a region in UK with a region in another country/continent with significant differences and similarities. E.g. Link to Fairtrade of bananas in St Lucia 

 

Evaluate some of the reasons for similarities and differences.

Human & Physical Geography

Define seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom.

 

Identify the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles 

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: 

·      key physical features including, forest, hill, mountain, soil, valley, vegetation.

·      key human features including, city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office.

 

Recognise and use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: 

·      key physical features including, beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather 

·      key human features including, city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop 

Describe and understand key aspects of:

 

·      physical geography including Rivers and the water cycle, excluding transpiration, brief introduction to Volcanoes and earthquakes linking to Science: rock types.

 

·      human geography including trade links in the Pre-roman and Roman era.

 

Types of settlements in Early Britain linked to History. Why did early people choose to settle there?

Identify and categorise key aspects of:

 

·      Physical geography including climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts (link to work on Rainforest)

 

·      human geography including types of settlements in modern Britain: villages, towns, cities.

Explain and summarise key aspects of:

 

·      physical geography including coasts, rivers and the water cycle including transpiration; climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.

 

·      human geography including trade between UK and Europe and ROW and fair/unfair distribution of resources (Fairtrade).

 

Types of settlements in Viking, Saxon Britain linked to History.

Describe and compare key aspects of: 

 

·      physical geography including Volcanoes and earthquakes, looking at plate tectonics and the ring of fire.

 

·      human geography including distribution of natural resources focussing on energy (link with coal mining past History and eco-power in D&T)

Geographical Skills & Field work

Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries.

 

Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment. 

 

 

 

 

 

      Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and construct and use basic symbols in a key. 

Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

Demonstrate understanding of maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied. 

 

Understand and use the eight points of a compass, 2 figure grid reference (maths co-ordinates), some basic symbols and key (including the use of a simplified Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world

 

Use fieldwork to observe and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Apply knowledge of maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to identify countries and illustrate features studied

 

Apply knowledge the eight points of a compass and four-figure grid references to understanding of maps.

 

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Utilise maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to summarise features of counties and continents.

 

Revise understanding of the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom in the past and present.

 

Use fieldwork to collect, measure, record and analyse data on the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Utilise maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to support comparisons of features of counties and continents.

 

Extend to 6 figure grid references with teaching of latitude and longitude in depth.

Expand map skills to include non-UK countries.

 

Use fieldwork to collect, measure, record and analyse data on the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.