Year 1 

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4 

Year 5

Year 6


Define, describe, identify, match, order, outline, recognize, relate, recall, reproduce

Classify, convert, defend, discuss, explain, extend, infer, predict, review, summarise

Apply, change, discover, interpret, modify, prepare, produce, show, solve, use

Analyse, breakdown, criticise, differentiate, examine, infer, question, test

Compose, construct, create, develop, devise, explain, plan, prepare, reconstruct, summarize

Appraise, argue, assess, conclude, estimate, evaluate, judge, predict, value

Knowledge/understanding of British history 

Key Stage 1:

·      Changes within living memory – where appropriate, to reveal changes in national life 

·      Significant historical events, people and place in their own locality 

Key Stage 2:

·      Changes in Britain from Stone Age to Iron Age

·      The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain

·      Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots

·      Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

·      An aspect or theme of British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066

·      A local study 

Knowledge/understanding of wider world history 

Key Stage 1:

·      Events from beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally 

·      Lives of significant individuals of the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. Use to compare aspects of life in different periods 

Key Stage 2:

·      The achievements of the earliest civilisations; in depth study of one of: Sumer, Indus Valley, Egypt, Shang Dynasty 

·      Ancient Greece – life, achievements and influence 

·      Non-European society that contrasts with British history - early Islamic civilisations inc. study of Baghdad c. 900AD, Mayan civilisation c. 900AD, Benin (West Africa) c. 900-1300 

Historian skills

Key Stage 1:

·      Recognise events/people of the past, using common word and phrases relating to time 

·      Arrange people/events into chronological framework 

·      Identify similarities/differences between periods

·      Use wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms 

·      Ask and answer questions 

·      Choose and use stories and other sources to show understanding 

·      Summarise some ways we find out about the past

·      Identify different ways in which the past is represented

Key Stage 2:

·      Develop chronologically secure knowledge of history 

·      Generate clear narratives within and across periods studied

·      Identify connections, contrasts and trends over time 

·      Develop the appropriate use of historical terms 

·      Regularly address and sometimes devise historically valid questions 

·      Understand that knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources 

·      Construct informed responses by selecting and organising relevant historical information 

·      Understand that different versions of the past may exist and be able analyse them and explain why